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Rights Come From God!

"Where the spirit of the Lord is, there is Liberty." —2nd Corinthians 3:17
Cit Rule book

Rights Come From God,
Not The State!
"You have rights that antecedent to all earthly governments; rights that cannot be repealed or retrained by human laws; rights derived from the Great Legislator of the Universe."
-John Adams, Second President of the United States

Those who would give up Essential Liberty to purchase a little Temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety. -Benjamin Franklin

Police State U.S.A.!

Cit Rule Book


A Palladium of Liberty

"Study the Constitution! Let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in legislatures, and enforced in courts of justice." —Abraham Lincoln


"You have rights antecedent to all earthly governments; rights that cannot be repealed or restrained by human laws; rights derived from the Great Legislator of the Universe." -John Adams, Second President of the United States


Jury Duty   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    2

You are above the Law!  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    4

Jury Rights .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    6

Law of the Land .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    7

Ten Commandments    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    8

Communist Manifesto .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    8

Give Up Rights? .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    9

Jury Tampering? .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   11
Patrick Henry Shocked   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   15

Jury of Peers   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   16

Freedom for William Penn    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   18

Jefferson's Warnings!   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   20
Index to the documents  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   21

The Declaration of Independence .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   26
    (Original Title -- Page 26)

The Constitution    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   32

The Bill of Rights  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   49   

Page 1


    "...That this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of Freedom..."
                                        -Abraham Lincoln

                         JURY DUTY!

    The purpose of this booklet is to revive, as Jefferson put it, 
"The Ancient Principles."  It is not designed to promote lawlessness or 
a return to the jungle.  The "Ancient Principles" refer to the Ten 
Commandments and the Common Law.  The Common Law is, in simple terms, 
just plain common sense and has its roots in the Ten Commandments.

    In 1776 we came out of BONDAGE with FAITH, UNDERSTANDING and COURAGE.
Even against great odds, and with much bloodshed, we battled our way to
achieve LIBERTY.  LIBERTY is that delicate balance between the force of
government and FREEWILL of man.  LIBERTY brings FREEDOM of choice to 
work, to trade, to go and live where one wishes; it leads to ABUNDANCE.
ABUNDANCE, if made an end to itself, will result in COMPLACENCY which 
leads to APATHY.  APATHY is the "let George do it" philosophy.  THis 
always brings DEPENDENCY.  For a period of time, dependents are often 
not aware they are dependent.  They delude themselves by thinking that 
they are still free -- "We never had it so good." -- "We can still vote, 
can't we?"  Eventually abundance diminishes and DEPENDENCY becomes known 
by its true nature: BONDAGE!!!

    There are few ways out of bondage.  Bloodshed and war often result, 
but our founding fathers learned of a better way.  Realizing that a 
CREATOR is always above and greater than that which He creates, they 
established a three vote system by which an informed citizenry can 
control those acting in the name of the government.  To be a good master 
you must always remember the true "pecking order" or chain of command in 
this nation:

        1.  GOD created man . . .
        2.  Man (that's you) created the Constitution . . .
        3.  Constitution created government . . .
        4.  Government created corporations . . .  etc.

    The base of power was to remain in WE THE PEOPLE but unfortunately, 
it was lost to those leaders acting in the name of the government, such 
as politicians, bureaucrats, judges, lawyers, etc.

    As a result America began to function like a democracy instead of 
a REPUBLIC.  A democracy is dangerous because it is a one-vote system 
as opposed to a Republic, which is a three-vote system:  Three votes to 
check tyranny, not just one.  American citizens have not been informed of 
their other two votes.

    Our first vote is at the polls on election day when we pick those 
who are to represent us in the seats of government.  But what can be done 
if those elected officials just don't perform as promised or expected?  
Well, the second two votes are the most effective means by which the 
common people of any nation on earth have even had in controlling those 
appointed to serve them in government.

    The second vote comes when you serve on a Grand Jury.  Before anyone 
can be brought to trial for a capital or infamous crime by those acting 
in the name of the government, permission must be obtained from people 
serving on the Grand Jury!  The Minneapolis Star and Tribune in March 27, 
1987, edition noted a purpose of the grand Jury in this way:

               "A Grand Jury's purpose is to protect
            the public from an overzealous prosecutor."

    The third is the most powerful vote: this is when you are acting as 
a jury member during a courtroom trial.  At this point, "the buck stops" 
with you! It is in this setting that each JUROR has MORE POWER than the 
President, all of Congress, and all of the judges combined!  Congress 
can legislate (make law), the President or some other bureaucrat can 
make an order or issue regulations, and judges may instruct or make a 
decision, but no JUROR can ever be punished for voting "Not Guilty!"  
Any juror can, with impunity, choose to disregard the instructions of 
any judge or attorney in rendering his vote.  If only one JUROR should 
vote "Not Guilty" for any reason, there is no conviction and no 
punishment at the end of the trial.  THus, those acting in the name of 
government must come before the common man to get permission to enforce 

                  YOU ARE ABOVE THE LAW!

    As a JUROR in a trial setting, when it comes to your individual vote 
of innocent or guilty, you are truly answerable to GOD ALMIGHTY.  The 
First Amendment to the Constitution was born out of this great concept.  
However, judges of today refuse to inform JURORS of their RIGHTS.  
The Minneapolis Star and Tribune in a news paper article appearing 
in its November 30, 1984 edition, entitled:  "What Judges Don't Tell 
Juries" stated:

        "At the time of adoption of the Constitution, the jury's role
    as a defense against political oppression was unquestioned in
    American jurisprudence.  This nation survived until the 1850's,
    when prosecutions under the Fugitive Slave Act were largely
    unsuccessful because juries refused to convict"

        "Then judges began to erode the institution of free juries,
    leading to the absurd compromise that is the current state of the
    law.  While our courts uniformly state juries have the power to
    return a verdict of not guilty whatever the facts, they routinely
    tell jurors the opposite."

        "Further, the courts will not allow the defendants or their
    counsel to inform the jurors of their true power.  A lawyer who
    made . . . Hamilton's argument would face professional discipline
    and charges of contempt of court."

        "By what logic should juries have the power to acquit a
    defendant but no right to know about that power?  The court
    decisions that have suppressed the notion of jury nullification
    cannot resolve this paradox."

        "More than logic has suffered.  As originally conceived,
    juries were to be made a safety valve way to soften the
    bureaucratic rigidity of the judicial system by introducing the
    common sense of the community.  If they are to function
    effectively as the `conscience of the community,' jurors must be
    told that they have the power and the right to say no to a
    prosecution in order to achieve a greater good.  To cut jurors off
    from this information is to undermine one of our most important

        "Perhaps the community should educate itself.  Then citizens
    called for jury duty could teach the judges a needed lesson in

    This booklet is designed to bring to your attention one important 
way our nation's founders provided to insure that you, (not the growing 
army of politicians, judges, lawyers, and bureaucrats) rule this nation.  
It will focus on the rule of power you possess as a JUROR, how you got 
it, why you have it, and remind you of the basis on which you must decide 
not only the facts placed in evidence but also the validity or 
applicability of every law, rule, regulation, ordinance, or instruction 
given by any man seated as a judge or attorney when you serve as a JUROR.

    One JUROR can stop tyranny with a "NOT GUILTILY VOTE!"  He can 
nullify bad law in any case, by "HANGING THE JURY!"

        "I am only one, but I am one.  I cannot do everything, but I
    can do something.  What I can do, I should do and, with the help of
    God, I will do!"
                                        -Everett Hale

                | The only power the judge has over |
                | the JURY is their ignorance!      |

                          JURY RIGHTS

        "The jury has the right to judge both the law as well as the
    fact in controversy."
                                      -John Jay, 1st Chief Justice
                                       U.S. supreme Court, 1789

        "The jury has the right to determine both the law and the
                                      -Samuel Chase, U.S. supreme
                                       Court Justice, 1796, Signer
                                       of the unanimous Declaration

        "The jury has the power to bring a verdict in the teeth of
    both law and fact."
                                      -Oliver Wendell Holmes, U.S.
                                       supreme Court Justice, 1902

        "The law itself is on trial quite as much as the cause which
    is to be decided."
                                       -Harlan F. Stone, 12th Chief
                                       Justice U.S. supreme Court,

        "The pages of history shine on instances of the jury's
    exercise of its prerogative to disregard instructions of the
                                       -U.S. vs. Dougherty, 473 F 2nd
                                        1113, 1139.  (1972)

                           LAW OF THE LAND

    The general misconception is that any statute passed by legislators
bearing bearing the appearance of law constitutes the law of the land.  
The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and any statute, 
to be valid, must be in agreement.  It is impossible for a law which 
violates the Constitution to be valid.  This is succinctly stated as 

        "All laws which are repugnant to the Constitution are null and
    void."  Marbury vs. Madison, 5 US (2 Cranch) 137, 174, 176, (1803)

        "When rights secured by the Constitution are involved, there
    can be no rule making or legislation which would abrogate them."
    Miranda vs. Arizona, 384 US 436 p. 491.

        "An unconstitutional act is not law; it confers no rights; it
    imposes no duties; affords no protection; it creates no office; it
    is in legal contemplation, as inoperative as though it had never
    been passed."  Norton vs. Shelby County 118 US 425 p. 442

        "The general rule is that an unconstitutional statute, though
    having the form and name of law, is in reality no law, but is
    wholly void, and ineffective for any purpose; since
    unconstitutionality dates from the time of its enactment, and not
    merely from the date of the decision so branding it.

        "No one is bound to obey an unconstitutional law and no courts
    are bound to enforce it."  16 Am Jur 2nd, Sec 177 late 2d, Sec 256


commands us for our own good to give up wrongs and not rights!  HIS 
system always results in LIBERTY and FREEDOM!  The Constitution and the 
Bill of Rights are built on this foundation, which provides for punitive 
justice.  It is not until one damages another persons property that he 
can be punished.  The Marxist system leads to bondage and GOD'S system 
leads to LIBERTY!  Read very carefully:

    1.  Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
    2.  Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.
    3.  Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
    4.  Remember the Sabbath to keep it Holy.
    5.  Honor thy father and thy mother.
    6.  Thou shalt not murder.
    7.  Thou shalt not commit adultery.
    8.  Thou shalt not steal.
    9.  Thou shalt not bear false witness.
    10. Thou shalt not covet.

    Directly above the Chief Justice's chair is a tablet signifying the 
TEN COMMANDMENTS.  When the Speaker of the House in the U.S. Congress 
looks up, his eyes look into the face of Moses.

        "The Bible is the Book upon which this Republic rests."
                                      -Andrew Jackson, Seventh
                                       President of the United States

        "The moral principles and precepts contained in the Scriptures
    ought to form the basis of all our civil constitutions and laws.
    All the miseries and evils which men suffer from vice, crime,
    ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery, and war, proceed from
    their despising or neglecting the precepts of the Bible."
                                       -Noah Webster


    The Communist Manifesto represents a misguided philosophy, which 
teaches the citizens to give up their RIGHTS for the sake of the "common 
good," but it always ends in a police state.  This is called preventive 
justice. Control is the key concept.  Read carefully:

    1.  Abolition of private property.
    2.  Heavy progressive income tax.
    3.  Abolition of all rights on inheritance.
    4.  Confiscation of property of all emigrants and rebels.
    5.  Central bank.
    6.  Government control of Communications & Transportation.
    7.  Government ownership of factories and agriculture.
    8.  Government control of labor.
    9.  Corporate farms, regional planning.
    10. Government control of education.


               | Where people fear the government you |
               | have tyranny; where the government   |
               | fears the people, you have liberty.  |

    Politicians, bureaucrats and especially judges would have you 
believe that too much freedom will result in chaos.  Therefore, we should 
gladly give up some of our RIGHTS for the good of the community.  In 
other words, people acting in the name of the government, say we need 
_more laws_ and more JURORS to enforce these laws -- even if we have to 
give up some RIGHTS in the process.  They believe the more laws we have, 
the more control, thus a better society.  This theory may sound good on 
paper, and apparently many of our leaders think this way, as evidenced by 
the thousands of new laws that are added to the books each year in this 
country.  But, no matter how cleverly this Marxist argument is made, the 
hard fact is that whenever you give up a RIGHT you lose a "FREE CHOICE"!

    This adds another control.  Control's real name is BONDAGE!  The 
logical conclusion would be, if giving up some RIGHTS produces a better 
society, then by giving up all RIGHTS we could produce a perfect society.  
We could chain everybody to a tree, for lack of TRUST.  This may prevent 
crime, but it would destroy PRIVACY, which is the heartbeat of FREEDOM!  
It would also destroy TRUST which is the foundation for DIGNITY.  Rather 
than giving up RIGHTS, we should be giving up wrongs!  The opposite of 
control is not chaos.  More laws do not make less criminals!  We must 
give up wrongs, not rights, for a better society!  William Pitt of the 
British House of Commons once proclaimed,

        "Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human
    liberty; it is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves."


NATURAL RIGHTS ARE THOSE RIGHTS such as life (from conception), LIBERTY 
TRAVEL, SELF-DEFENSE, ETC.  Hence laws and statutes which violate NATURAL 
RIGHTS, though they may have the color of law, are not law but impostors!  
The U.S. Constitution was written to protect these NATURAL RIGHTS from 
being tampered with by legislators. *  Further, our forefathers also 
wisely knew that the U.S. Constitution would be utterly worthless to 
restrain government legislators unless it was clearly understood that 
the people had the right to compel the government to keep within the 
Constitutional limits.

                   | In a jury trial the real judges   |
                   | are the JURORS!  Surprisingly,    |
                   | judges are actually just referees |
                   | bound by the Constitution!        |

*Lysander Spooner wrote as follows:

        "Government is established for the protection of the weak
    against the strong.  This is the principal, if not the sole motive
    for the establishment of all legitimate government.  It is only
    the weaker party that loses their liberties, when a government
    becomes oppressive.  The stronger party, in all governments are
    free by virtue of their superior strength.  They never oppress
    themselves.  Legislation is the work of the stronger party; and
    if, in addition to the sole power of legislation, they have the
    sole power of determining what legislation shall be enforced, they
    have all power in their hands, and the weaker party are the
    subjects of an absolute government.  Unless the weaker party have
    veto, they have no power whatever in the government . . . no
    liberties . . .  The trial by jury is the only institution that
    gives the weaker party any veto upon the power of the stronger.
    Consequently it is the only institution that gives them any
    effective voice in the government, or any guaranty against
                                        ESSAY on the TRIAL by Jury

                         JURY TAMPERING?

A JURY's Rights, Powers and Duties:

    The Charge to the JURY in the First JURY Trial before the supreme* 
Court of the U.S. Illustrates the TRUE POWER OF THE JURY.  In the 
February term of 1794, the supreme Court conducted a JURY trial and 
said ". . . it is presumed, that the juries are the best judges of facts; 
it is, on the other hand, presumed that the courts are the best judges 
of law.  But still both objects are within our power of decision."

        "You have a right to take upon yourselves to judge of both,
    and to determine the law as well as the fact in controversy."
                                      -(State of Georgia vs.
                                       Brailsford, et al, 3 Dall. 1)

        "The JURY has an unreviewable and unreversible power . . . to
    acquit in disregard of the instructions on the law given by the
    trial judge . . ." (emphasis added)
                                       -U.S. vs. Dougherty, 473 F 2nd
                                        1113, 1139 (1972)

    Hence, JURY disregard of the limited and generally conviction-
oriented evidence presented for its consideration, and JURY disregard 
for what the trial judge wants them to believe is the controlling law 
in particular case (sometimes referred to as "JURY lawlessness")* is not 
something to be scrupulously avoided, but rather encouraged.  Witness the 
following quotation from the eminent legal authority above-mentioned: 
"Jury lawlessness is the greatest corrective of law in its actual 
administration. The will of the state at large imposed on a reluctant 
community, the will of a majority imposed on a vigorous and determined 
minority, find the same obstacle in the local JURY that formerly 
confronted kings and ministers." (emphasis added) (Dougherty cited above, 
note 32 at 1130)

*Supreme is not capitalized in the Constitution, however Behavior is.

*Jury lawlessness means willingness to nullify bad law.

           The Right of the JURY to be Told of Its Power

    Almost every JURY in the land is falsely instructed by the judge 
when it is told it must accept as the law that which is given to them by 
the court, and that the JURY can decide only the facts of the case.  
This is to destroy the purpose of a Common Law JURY, and to permit the 
imposition of tyranny upon a people.

        "There is nothing more terrifying than ignorance in action."
                                       -Goethe (engraved on a plaque
                                        at the Naval War College)

        "To embarrass justice by a multiplicity of laws, or to hazard
    it by confidence in judges, are the opposite rocks on which all
    civil instructions have been wrecked."
                                       -Johnson (engraved in
                                        Minnesota State Capitol
                                        Outside the Supreme Court

        ". . . The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life."
                                        -II Corinthians 3:6

        "It is error alone which needs the support of government.
    truth can stand by itself."
                                        -Thomas Jefferson

    The JURY'S options are by no means limited to the choices presented 
to it in the courtroom.  "The jury gets its understanding as to the
arrangements in the legal system from more than one voice.  There is 
the formal communication from the 'judge.'  There is informal 
communication from the total culture -- literature; current comment, 
conversation; and, of course, history and tradition." (Dougherty cited 
above, at 1135)

                      LAWS, FACTS AND EVIDENCE!

    Without the power to decide what facts, law and evidence are 
applicable, JURIES cannot be a protection to the accused.  If people 
acting in the name of government are permitted by JURORS to dictate any 
law whatever, they can also unfairly dictate what evidence is admissible 
or inadmissible and thereby prevent the WHOLE TRUTH from being 
considered.  Thus if government can manipulate and control both the law 
and the evidence, the issue of fact becomes virtually irrelevant.  In 
reality, true JUSTICE would be denied leaving us with a trial by 
government and not a trial by JURY!

                          HOW DOES TYRANNY BEGIN?
                        WHY ARE THERE SO MANY LAWS?

    Heroes are men of glory who are so honored because of some heroic 
deed. People often out of gratitude yield allegiance to them.  Honor 
and allegiance are nice words for power!  Power and allegiance can only 
be held rightfully by trust as a result of continued character.

    When people acting in the name of government violate ethics, they 
break trust with "WE THE PEOPLE."  The natural result is for "WE THE 
PEOPLE" to pull back power (honor and allegiance).

    The loss of power creates fear for those losing the power.  Fearing
loss of power, people acting in the name of government often seek to 
regain or at least hold their power.  Hence, to legitimize their quest 
for control, laws and force are often instituted.

    Unchecked power is the foundation of tyranny.  It is the JUROR'S duty 
to use the JURY ROOM as a vehicle to stem the tide of oppression and 
tyranny: To prevent bloodshed by peacefully removing power from those who 
have abused it.  The JURY is the primary vehicle for peaceful restoration 

                         YOUR VOTE COUNTS!

    Your vote of NOT Guilty must be respected by all members of the 
JURY -- it is the RIGHT and DUTY of a JUROR to Never, Never, Never yield 
his or her sacred vote -- for you are not there as a fool, merely to 
agree with the majority, but as an officer of the court and a qualified 
judge in your own right.  Regardless of the pressures or abuse that may 
be heaped on you by any other members of the JURY with whom you may be 
in good conscience to disagree, you can await the reading of the verdict 
secure in the knowledge you have voted your own conscience and 
convictions -- and not those of someone else.

                        YOU ARE NOT A RUBBER STAMP!

    By what logic do we send our youth to battle tyranny on foreign 
soil, while we refuse to do so in our courts?  Did you know that many 
of the planks of the "Communist Manifesto" are now represented by law 
in the U.S.? How is it possible for Americans to denounce communism and 
practice it simultaneously.

    The JURY judges the Spirit, Motive and Intent of both law and the
Accused, whereas the prosecutor only represents the letter of the law.

    Therein lies the opportunity for the accomplishment of "LIBERTY 
and JUSTICE for ALL."  If you, and numerous other JURORS throughout the 
State and nation begin and continue to bring in verdicts of NOT GUILTY 
in such cases where nam-made statute is defective or oppressive, these 
statutes will become as ineffective as if they had never been written.

        "If we love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of
    servitude better than the animating contest of freedom, go home
    from us in peace.  We ask not your counsels or your arms.  Crouch
    down and lick the hands which feed you.  May your chains set
    lightly upon you, and may posterity forget that ye were our
                                        -Samuel Adams


                   PATRICK HENRY SHOCKED!

    Young Christian attorney Patrick Henry saw why a JURY of PEERS is 
so vital to FREEDOM!  It was March 1775 when he rode into the small town 
of Culpeper, Va.  he was totally shocked by what he saw!  There, in the 
middle of the town square was a minister tied to a whipping post, his 
back laid bare and bloody with the bones of his ribs showing.  He had 
been scourged like JESUS, with whips laced with metal.

    Patrick henry is quoted as saying: "When they stopped beating him, I
could see the bones of his rib cage.  I turned to someone and asked what 
the man had done to deserve a beating such as this."


    The reply given him was that the man being scourged was a minister 
who refused to take a license.  He was one of twelve who were locked in 
jail because they refused to take a license.  A license often becomes an
arbitrary control by the government that makes a crime out of what
ordinarily would not be a crime.  IT TURNS A RIGHT INTO A PRIVILEGE!

    Three days later they scourged him to death.

    This was the incident which sparked Christian attorney Patrick Henry 
to write the famous words which later would become the rallying cry of 
the Revolution.  "What is it that gentlemen wish?  What would they have?  
Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of 
chains and slavery?  Forbid it, Almighty God!  I know not what course 
others may take, but as for me, GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH!"  Later 
he made this part of his famous speech at St. John's Episcopal Church in 
Williamsburg, Va.

                            JURY OF PEERS

    Our forefathers felt that in order to have JUSTICE, it is obvious 
that a JURY of "PEERS" must be people who actually know the defendant.  
How else would they be able to judge motive and intent?

    "PEERS" of the defendant, like RIGHTS of the JURY have also been
severely tarnished.  Originally, it meant people of "equals in station 
and rank," (Black's 1910), "free-holders of a neighborhood," (Bouvier's 
1886), or "A companion; a fellow; an associate.  (Webster's 1828).


    Patrick Henry, along with others, was deeply concerned as to who has 
a right to sit on a JURY.  Listen to our forefathers wisdom on the 
subject of "PEERS."

                              MR. HENRY

    "By the bill of rights of England, a subject has a right to a trial 
by his peers.  What is meant by peers?  Those who reside near him, his
neighbors, and who are well acquainted with his character and situation 
in life."  Patrick Henry (Elliot, "The Debates in Several State 
Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, 3:579)

    Patrick Henry also knew that originally the JURY of PEERS was 
designed as a protection for Neighbors from outside governmental 
oppression.  Henry states the following, "Why do we love this trial by 
jury?  Because it prevents that hand of oppression from cutting you 
off . . .  This gives me comfort -- that, as long as I have existence, 
my neighbors will protect me." (Elliot, 3:545, 546).

                              MR. HOLMES

    Mr. Holmes, from Massachusetts, argued strenuously that for JUSTICE 
to prevail, the case must be heard in the vicinity where the fact was 
committed by a JURY of PEERS.  " . . . a jury of peers would, from their 
local situation, have an opportunity to form a judgment of the CHARACTER 
of the person charged with the crime, and also to judge of the 
CREDIBILITY of the witnesses."  (Elliot, 2:110).

                | The people are masters of both Congress |
                | and courts, not to overthrow the        |
                | Constitution, but to overthrow the men  |
                | who pervert it!                         |
                |                       -Abraham Lincoln  |

                                 MR. WILSON

    Mr. Wilson, signer of "The unanimous Declaration," who also later 
became a supreme Court Justice, stressed the importance of the JURORS 
knowing personally both the defendant and the witnesses.  "Where jurors 
can be acquainted with the characters of the parties and the witnesses -- 
where the whole cause can be brought within their knowledge and view -- I 
know no mode of investigation equal to that by a trial by jury: they hear 
every thing that is alleged; they not only hear the words, but they see 
and mark the features of the countenance; they can judge of weight due to 
such testimony; and moreover, it is a cheap and expeditious manner of 
distributing justice. There is another advantage annexed to the trial by 
jury; the jurors may indeed return a mistaken or ill-founded verdict' but 
their errors cannot be systematical."  (Elliot, 2:516)

                      FREEDOM FOR WILLIAM PENN

        "Those people who are not governed by GOD will be ruled by
                                        -William Penn

    Edward Bushnell and three fellow JURORS learned this lesson well. 
They refused to bow to the court.  They believed in the absolute power 
of the JURY, though their eight companions cowered to the court.  The 
four JURORS spent nine weeks of torture in prison, often without food 
and  water, soaked with urine, smeared with feces, barely able to stand, 
and even threatened with fines, yet they would not give in to the judge.  
Edward Bushnell said, "My liberty is not for sale," though he had great 
wealth and commanded an international shipping enterprise.  These "bumble 
heads", so the court thought, proved the power of the people was stronger 
than any power of government.  They emerged total victors.

                         THE FIRST AMENDMENT

    The year was 1670, and the case Bushnell sat on was that of William
Penn, who was on trial for violation of a "Conventicle Act."  This was 
an elaborate Act which made the Church of England the only legal church.  
The Act was struck down by their not guilty vote.  Freedom of Religion 
was established and became part of the English Bill of Rights and later 
it became the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.  In addition, the 
Right to peaceful assembly was founded, Freedom of Speech, and also 
habeas corpus. The first such writ of habeas corpus ever issued by the 
Court of Common Pleas was issued to free Edward Bushnell.  Later this 
trial gave birth to the concept of Freedom of the press.

    Had Bushnell and his colleagues yielded to the guilty verdict sought 
by the judge and prosecutor, William Penn most likely would have been 
executed as he clearly broke the law.

                         HE BROKE THE LAW!

    There would have been no Liberty Bell, no Independence Hall, no city 
of Philadelphia, and no state called Pennsylvania, for young William 
Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, and leader of the Quakers, was on trial 
for his life.  His alleged crime was preaching and teaching a different 
view of the Bible than that of the Church of England.  This appears 
innocent today, but then, one could be executed for such actions.  He 
believed in freedom of religion, freedom of speech and the right to 
peaceful assembly.  He had broken to government's law, but he had injured 
no one.  The four heroic JURORS knew that only when actual injury to 
someone's person or property take place is there a real crime.  No law 
is broken when no injury can be shown.  Thus there can be no loss or 
termination of rights unless actual damage is proven.  Many imposter 
laws were repealed as a result of this.

                        IT IS ALMOST UNFAIR!

    The trial made such an impact the every colony but one established 
the jury as the first liberty to maintain all other liberties.  It was 
felt that the liberties of people could never be wholly lost as long as 
the jury remained strong and independent, and that unjust laws and 
statutes could not stand when confronted by conscientious JURORS.  JURORS 
today face an avalanche of imposter laws.  JURORS not only still have the 
power and the RIGHT, but also the DUTY, to nullify bad laws by voting 
"not guilty."  At first glance it appears that it is almost unfair, the 
power JURORS have over government, but necessary when considering the 
historical track record of oppression that governments have wielded over 
private citizens.

                     JEFFERSON'S WARNINGS!

    In 1789 Thomas Jefferson warned that the judiciary if given too much
power might ruin our REPUBLIC, and destroy our RIGHTS!

    "The new Constitution has secured these [individual rights] in the
Executive and legislative departments: but not in the Judiciary.  It 
should have established trials by the people themselves, that is to say, 
by jury."

    The Judiciary of the United States is the subtle corps of sappers 
and miners constantly working under ground to undermine the foundations 
of our confederated fabric."  (1820)

    ". . . the Federal Judiciary; an irresponsible body (for impeachment 
is scarcely a scarecrow), working like gravity by night and by day, 
gaining a little to-day and a little to-morrow, and advancing its 
noiseless step like a thief, over the field of jurisdiction, until all 
shall be usurped from the States, and the government of all be 
consolidated into one.

    . . . when all government . . . in little as in great things, shall 
be drawn to Washington as the centre of all power, it will render 
powerless the checks provided of one government on another and will 
become as venal and oppressive as the government from which we separated.  

    "The opinion which gives to the judges the right to decide what laws 
are constitutional and what are not, not only for themselves in their own 
sphere of action, but for the legislative and executive also in their 
spheres, would make the judiciary a despotic branch.

    ". . . judges should be withdrawn from the bench whose erroneous 
biases are leading us to dissolution.  It may, indeed, injure them in 
fame or fortune; but it saves the Republic. . ."


                             GENERAL INDEX TO:
                         THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION

I.      Need to dissolve certain political relationships.

II.     Need to assume powers which God entitles man.

III.    Declaring separation from an unjust government.

IV.     Self-evident truths elaborated.

    A.  All men are created equal.

    B.  God our Creator gives to each unalienable Rights

        1.  Life, Liberty, Happiness, property, safety, respect, privacy,

    C.  The purpose of government is to protect the weak from the strong.

        1.  Fact: The Revolution was not out of rebellion by the colonies,
            but rather England rebelled against God's Law by repeated
            injuries of usurpation and tyranny.  The young colonies were
            forced to defend themselves against England's tyranny.

            a.  eg. Bad laws, bad courts, police state (swarms of 
                soldiers), taxes without consent, deprived of trial by 
                jury, deporting people for trial, England declared the 
                colonies out of their protection, rights of individuals 

            b.  The colonies repeatedly petitioned England, but only
                received repeated injury.

            c.  England was warned from time to time.

            d.  England was deaf to the voice of justice.

V.      The colonies appealed to God the Supreme Judge of the world.

VI.     The colonies right to be free and independent.

VII.    Under the protection of God they pledged their lives, fortunes 
        and honor.

                            GENERAL INDEX TO:

Preamble: The people hold the power: "We the People . . . in order to form 
a more perfect union, . . . and secure the blessing of liberty . . ."

                                 ARTICLE I.


1.   Legislative powers.

2.   House of representatives; qualifications of members; appointment of
     representatives and direct taxes; census; first appointment; 
     vacancies; officers of the house; impeachments.

3.   Senate, classification of senators; qualifications of; vice president
     to preside; other officers; trial of impeachments.

4.   Election of members of congress; time assembling of congress.

5.   Powers of each house; punishment for disorderly Behaviour; journal;

6.   Compensation and privileges; disabilities of members.

7.   Revenue bills; passage and approval of bills; orders and resolutions.

8.   General powers of congress; borrowing money; regulating commerce;
     naturalization and bankruptcy; money; weights and measures;
     counterfeiting; post offices; patents and copyrights; inferior 
     courts; piracies and felonies; war; marque and reprisal; armies; 
     navy; land and naval forces; calling the militia; District of 
     Columbia; to enact laws necessary to enforce the Constitution.

9.   Limitations of congress; migration; writ; of habeas corpus; bills 
     of attainder and ex post facto laws prohibited; direct taxes; exports 
     not to be taxed; interstate shipping; drawing money from the 
     treasury; financial statements to be published; titles of nobility 
     and favors from foreign powers prohibited.

10.  Limitations of the individual states; no treaties; letters of marque
     and reprisal; no coining of money; bills of credit; not allowed to 
     make any Thing but gold and silver Coin for payment of debts; no 
     bills of attainder; ex post facto Law or law impairing the obligation 
     of contracts; no title of nobility; state imposts and duties; 
     further restrictions on state powers.

                                ARTICLE II.


1.   Executive powers; electors; qualifications, vacancy, compensation 
     and Oath of the president.

2.   Powers and duties of the president; making of treaties; powers of

3.   Other powers and duties.

4.   All government officers are liable to impeachment.

                                ARTICLE III.


1.   Judicial powers; all judges must have good Behaviour to stay in 
     office; compensation not to be diminished.

2.   Jurisdiction of federal courts and supreme court; trials for crime 
     by jury except impeachment.

3.   Treason defined; trial for and punishment.

                                ARTICLE IV.


1.   Message to the states; each state is to give full faith and credit 
     to public acts and records of other states.

2.   Citizens of each state shall be entitled; fleeing from justice.

3.   Admission of new states; power of congress over territories.

4.   Republican form of government guaranteed to every state; protection
     from invasion or domestic violence.

                                 ARTICLE V.


1.   Amending the Constitution.

                                ARTICLE VI.


1.   National obligations; Public debt; Constitution to be the supreme 
     Law of the land; Constitutional Oath of office; no religious test 

                                ARTICLE VII.


1.   Ratification of the Constitution; George Washington signs 
     Twelfhindi, the highest ranking Saxon government, e.g.. He was equal of 
     1200 King Georges, or you as a juror are equal to 1200 presidents, 
     congressmen or judges, local, federal or of the supreme Court.

                             GENERAL INDEX TO:
                             THE BILL OF RIGHTS

                               and Amendments

PREAMBLE: Limiting the federal government: An expressed desire to prevent
          abuse of federal powers!

                           ARTICLES -- COMMON LAW

I.       Religious freedom, both to an establishment as well as the free
         exercise thereof; freedom of speech, press; right of petition.

II.      Right to bear arms.

III.     Quartering of soldiers.

IV.      The right to privacy and security against unreasonable search 
         and seizures; search warrants.

V.       Grand Jury, double jeopardy, no one must witness against himself,
         no loss of life, liberty or property without due process.

VI.      Speedy and public trials, impartial jury; nature and cause, 
         right to confront; compulsory witnesses, assistance of Counsel 
         -- note, does not say attorney.

VII.     Right to trial by jury according to the rules of common law -- 
         Ten Commandments are the foundation of Common Law.

VIII.    Excessive bail, fines, punishment etc. prohibited.

IX.      Rights beyond Bill of Rights belong to the people.

X.       Undelegated powers belong to the people unless given by the 
         people to the states.

     Articles I-X were proposed Sept. 25, 1789, ratified Dec. 15, 1791.

                          AMENDMENTS -- EQUITY LAW

XI.      Restriction of judicial powers, proposed Mar. 5, 1794, adopted 
         Jan. 8, 1798.

XII.     Manner of electing the president and vice president, proposed 
         Dec. 12, 1803, adopted Sept. 25, 1904.

XIII.    Slavery and involuntary servitude prohibited, took effect* 
         Dec. 18, 1865.

XIV.     Citizenship and status defined, privilege of 2nd, 3rd, or 
         whatever status of citizenship one selects for oneself, as 
         opposed to Freeholder with full sovereign rights; apportionment 
         of representatives; who is prohibited from holding office; 
         public debt.  Caution: There is serious doubt as to the legality 
         of this amendment because of the manner of ratification which 
         was highly suspect.  At least 10 States were held by force of 
         arms until the proper authorities agreed to vote for this 
         amendment.  An excellent overview of this was written by the 
         Utah Supreme Court -- 439 Pacific Reporter 2d Series pp 266-276, 
         and for a more detailed account of how the 14th amendment was 
         forced upon the Nation see articles in 11 S.C. L. Q. 484 and 
         28 Tul. L. Rev. 22., took effect July 28, 1868.

XV.      Non Freeholders given right to vote, took effect Mar. 30, 1870.

XVI.     Income tax, took effect Feb. 25, 1913, possibly only four states
         ratified it properly.

XVII.    Direct elections of senators; electors; vacancies in the senate,
         took effect May 31, 1913.  This moved us from a complex Republic 
         to a simple Republic much like the style of government of the 
         Soviet Union.  State rights were lost and we were plunged 
         headlong into a democracy of which our forefathers warned was the 
         vilest form of government because it always ends in oppression.

XVIII.   Prohibition of liquor traffic, took effect Jan. 29, 1920.

XIX.     Voting for women, took effect Aug. 27, 1920.

XX.      Terms of the president, vice president, senators and
         representatives; date of assembling of congress, vacancies of 
         the president, power of congress in presidential succession, 
         took effect Feb. 6, 1933.

XXI.     Eighteenth Article repealed; took effect Dec. 5, 1933.

XXII.    Limits of the presidential term, took effect mar. 1, 1951.

XXIII.   Electors for the District of Columbia, took effect April 3, 1961.

XXIV.    Failure to pay any tax does not deny one the right to vote, took
         effect Feb. 4, 1964.

XXV.     Filling the office of the president or vice president during a
         vacancy, took effect Feb. 23, 1967.

XXVI.    Right to vote at 18, took effect July 5, 1971.

* Took effect is used as there is a great deal of suspicion as to the 
  nature of these amendments (common law vs. equity), also whether the 
  last 16 amendments are legal, how many were ratified correctly, do 
  they create a federal constitution in opposition to the original, etc.  
  For further studies a good place to begin is with the article by the 
  Utah Supreme Court on the 14th amendment, 439 Pacific Reporter 2d 
  Series, pp 266-276, and Senate Doc. 240.  

“We ought to obey God rather than men.” —Acts 5:29

Quality reprints may be obtained from:

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Editorial Work By Webster Adams
"Stronger than Steel!"
4th Revision


“If we stuck to the Constitution as written, we would have: no federal meddling in our schools; no Federal Reserve; no U. S. membership in the U.N.; no gun control; and no foreign aid. We would have no welfare for big corporations, or the "poor"; No American troops in 100 foreign countries; no NAFTA, GATT, or "fast-track"; no arrogant federal judges usurping states rights; no attacks on private property; and no income tax. We can get rid of most of the cabinet departments, most of the agencies, and most of the budget. The government would be small, frugal, and limited.”


Note from webmaster of

Wake up everybody! Why are the churches silent? I keep hearing Christians saying foolish things like "Satan must run his course," others just burying their head in the sand. What is it going to take to wake people up, a militarized Police State where preachers will be imprisoned for propagating hate speech, for preaching the Bible against homosexuality and sin? What will it take, naked body scanners? Are you just going to hand over your firearms to the government, a violation of your 2nd Amendment Bill of Rights? Already, Anti-hate speech legislation has been passed in Canada and is now before congress here in America. Folks, freedom isn't free. And by the way, Democracy is NOT Freedom. You need to believe some of the things you hear.

Man arrested, cuffed after using $2 bills

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