2 - Darwin's Mission

    "…a century and a half before Darwin, science was not separate from religion but, on the contrary, an aspect of religion, and ultimately subservient to it… Thus, Darwinian science came to represent a major threat not only to the theological claims of religion, but also to religion’s functional utility -to confer purpose and meaning." 
    - Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh, Henry Lincoln
The publication of Charles Darwin’s prominent book, Origin of Species, was a very critical climax in the War Against Religion. Actually within the book there was no information about the "origin of species", but this did not prevent the popularity of the book in a very short time. Since, the real purpose was not a "scientific", but an ideological triumph. The ship called H.M.S. Beagle was traveling swiftly in the deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The ship seemed like an ordinary cargo or passenger ship but in reality it had set on a journey of investigation that was viable to last for years. It was going to travel over the ocean and reach to the South American shores. The year was 1832. Not making much sense for nearly anybody at those times, the 5-year-long journey of the Beagle ship was starting. 

One of the passengers on board was to make the ship very famous later on. He was a 22 year old nature-researcher named Charles Robert Darwin. He was actually educated on religion rather than biology, and had studied theology at the University of Cambridge. Not surprisingly, one of the two books he took with himself while boarding on Beagle was the Holy Bible which he always kept by his side. 

 The second book beside Darwin was another study currently on debate; Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology. Besides being a Scottish lawyer, Lyell was also an amateur geologist. While writing this book, he had made use of the studies of another Scottish amateur geologist, James Hutton. The common argument of both was that the world’s age was not as young as informed in the Holy Bible. Conversely, they defended that world was billions of years old. 

This was quite unacceptable for the Christian world who believed that the world was created as written in the Creation part of the Old Testament - that is, at most six thousand years ago. Hutton and Lyell were criticised by the laymen for standing against the Holy Book. But they did not care much about that. This couple were taking every chance to impart that they were not religious, and that they approached religion with antipathy. Essentially, their starting point was their wish to disprove the creation chronology narrated in the Bible. 

The basic argument in Charles Lyell’s book was that the earth had various “layers” and the “real age” of the world could be calculated by investigating these. For the first time, he advanced the term of “geological layer” and brought it to be one of the fundamental issues of modern geology and biology. In fact, the discoveries made one century later would disclaim the thesis of Lyell and his followers, the “evolutionist geologists” and disclose that the earth layers were not hierarchical and regular, therefore could not be used as a “method for age calculation”.  Because as accepted by even some of the current evolutionists, Lyell had imposed his imagination upon the evidence.  But at those times, there was nobody to make a counter-research to meet Lyell’s so-called “scientific” thesis. 

Anyhow, as we have written above, the young man called Charles Darwin, had taken besides him Lyell’s book along with the Holy Bible. His taking these two contradictory sources along with him showed the mental dilemma that he was in. The young man was given a religious education for a long time, but on the other hand he was quite influenced by the positivist trends of the century he lived in. Not surprisingly, he had absolutely given up some of the basic regulations of the Christian belief before setting out to Beagle journey.  Because currently, he had a passion for biology and the paradigm he confronted was not in accordance with the religious beliefs at all. 

Well, what was the "factor" leading a young layman to take interest in non-religious and even anti-religionist ideas and be enticed in biology? 

Father Erasmus

Eventually, we have dealt with the answer of the question above at the beginning of the book: Charles Darwin’s grandfather, Erasmus Darwin was the most important factor who made him non-religious and even anti-religionist. Erasmus Darwin had passed away long before his grandson Charles got on the Beagle. But young Charles used to listen to his grandfather since his childhood and was greatly influenced by his ideas. 

Erasmus Darwin was virtually the first man who put forward the notion of “evolution” in England. He was known to be a physicist, psychologist and poet and he was a quite “respected” person. According to his biographer, Desmon King-Hele, he was even “the greatest Englishman of the eighteenth century”.  However, he had a quite dark private life and at least two illegitimate children. 

Erasmus Darwin’s most important characteristic was his being one of the few forerunner “naturalists” of England. Naturalism was a trend of thought which assumed that the essence of the existence of the universe was in nature, denied a metaphysical Creator and considered the nature itself as the Creator. In other words, it was one of the variations of the materialist thought dominating over the 19th century. 

Erasmus Darwin’s naturalist studies were qualified enough to pave the way for Charles Darwin. "Father Erasmus" had left both an ideological and organic inheritance to his grandchild. On one hand, he had developed arguments that would lay the basis for Darwinism by the researches he led in his two acre botanical garden and compiled these in his books of The Temple of Nature and Zoonomia. On the other hand, he had established a society in 1784 that would show the way to spread these ideas: Philosophical Society. Not surprisingly, tens of years later, Philosophical Society indeed became one of the greatest and hottest backers of the theory advanced by Charles Darwin. 

In short, Erasmus Darwin was the most important factor that caused Charles Darwin to yield his religious beliefs rapidly despite his theology education, to take the materialist-naturalist "side" and then to publish The Origin of Species by undertaking a great mission on behalf of that side. Before everybody, Erasmus Darwin was the main person that determined Charles Darwin’s mission. 

And Erasmus Darwin had another very significant attribute; he was the representative of masonry which was the foremost founder and the sovereign of the New Secular Order which reached its peak in the 19th century. Senior Darwin was one of the masters of the famous Canongate Kilwining Lodge in Scotland Edinburgh.  Moreover, he also had connections with the Jacobean Freemasons in France and the Illuminati society which had made anti-religionism their primary task.  Erasmus had brought up his son Robert (Charles Darwin’s father) just like himself and had enrolled him to the masons lodges.  Due to this, Charles Darwin was to take over a Masonic inheritance both from his father and his grandfather. 

This certainly conveyed an important meaning. Because as we have mentioned in the previous chapter, masonry was one of the two power centres that conducted the long struggle carried out to overthrow the socio-political order relying on religion and replace it with a secular one. Besides, freemasonry was the biggest power leading the essential intellectual change with various mechanisms which is needed to realise this socio-political order transformation. The organisation had gained a considerable victory against the Church thanks to the alliance it established by anti-Christian powers, primarily the Jews. 19th century was the gala of the New Secular Order instituted by this victory. 

But as we have defined at the beginning, there was a single aspect missing in the gala of the New Secular Order; to bring a non-religious explanation to the existence of the living things. Master Erasmus Darwin had toiled a lot to bring up this explanation and had gone a long way. And now the way he had opened was to be advanced by his grandson. The result reached by moving on this way would be the greatest present given to the gala of the New Secular Order. Because it would close down the biggest gap of the new order. 

In fact, what Darwin has found was nothing but a worthless argument. It was worthless, because it was groundless. It was an unreal assertion impossible to be verified by substantial evidences, conversely, it was prone to be continuously refuted by them. In other words, it was a lie. But this situation would not cause this assertion to lose worth in the view of the New Secular Order. Because the New Secular Order itself was nothing but a lie. 

Yet one lie could be well certified by another one. 

A New Spirit To Naturalism

As official naturalist on survey vessel, “Beagle” Charles Darwin sailed round the world (1831-1836) during when he had the opportunity to examine some living things that were up until then unknown to biologists of the Western world. Especially the observations he made in Gallapagos Islands were of great importance for him. The differences he observed in the beaks of the Chaffinch birds impressed him mainly. According to him, birds developed beaks based on the nutriments they required since he came across with 18 different kinds of beaks. The variety of the beaks led him to reach to the conclusion that chaffinch birds “evolved” according to the environment they were living in. In this content, he never accepted the thought that, “God created so many kinds of beaks”. 

Nevertheless, Darwin’s choice had a psychological nature. There was, in no way, a logical explanation of why he rejected to explain the variety in animals, as the perfection in God’s creation. 

The theory which led Darwin to develop his peculiar views was Naturalism, one of the most striking theories that evolved in the atmosphere of the 19th century which totally excluded religious values. Naturalism accepted nothing except what was perceived from nature and feelings. Nature was referred to be the creator and ruler of itself. “Mother Nature” or well known expressions like “nature” has endowed man with the ability to “nature created woman in a way to” are the statements commonly of the mentality injected to the society by naturalism movement. 

Naturalism was promoted by a familiar organisation: Free Masonry. This fact was particularly proclaimed in 1884 in the famous declaration Humanum Genus by Pope XIII. Leo stated : “In our time, with the aid and support of an association called Free Masonry, which has a wide and strong organisation, the efforts of those who worship to dark have been united. These are not feeling the necessity of hiding their ill will anymore and fighting against the Holy God.” and the Pope divulged the relationship between naturalism and the masonic organisation: “All aims and effort of Freemasons lead to one intention: Abolishing all social and religious disciplines of Christianity and establish a new system of rules based on the principles of naturalism and their own thoughts.” 
The biggest contribution to naturalism came from Charles Darwin. Darwin unquestionably covered a big gap of naturalism. Naturalists adored the perfection in nature, yet they were in difficulty to give a satisfactory answer to the question of how this perfection came into being. They insistently rejected God’s creation since they adopted to positivist approach/method which led them to believe only in concepts that exist as a result of experiments and observations. This simply meant accepting nature as a creator! Yet it is wholly illogical since something cannot create itself. 

Darwinism obviously tried to challenge this fact. His assertions constituted a “so-called” basis for the claim that nature creates itself. In 1859, after 27 years from the Beagle-voyage, Darwin wrote his famous book, The Origin Of Species By Means Of Natural Selection Or The Preservation Of Favoured Races In The Struggle For Life. In the book it was put forward that all living things evolved from a single cell by means of Natural Selection. 

Natural Selection asserted weak individuals were eliminated in the struggle for life and the remaining strong ones became responsible for the improvement of that particular species. Maybe, there was nothing wrong with this explanation, yet Darwin did not benefit from this process. Because natural selection could only make the stronger, for instance, to survive. In other words, natural selection could only be responsible for the betterment of generations. Yet, “the origin of species” which was the name of Darwin’s book, could never be explained by natural selection. That is because natural selection does not transform a horse into a bird or a shark into an elephant. These species were created separately and natural selection could only be responsible for the elimination of the “weak” and survival of the perfect ones. 

In brief, Darwin’s fiasco had started even at the name he gave to his book; although he was supposed to write about the “origin of species”, he had not included even one factual mechanism to explain this “origin. 

However during the time of Darwin, nobody noticed the inadequacy of the theory because of the lack of knowledge in biology. In time, as more data were accumulated, the contradictory nature of Darwin’s theory became apparent, yet it was skilfully kept hidden. Moreover, Darwin’s original words were revised. For instance, unaware of the certain genetic distinctions among the species Darwin said that he thought that a branch of the bear species were feeding increasingly on animals living in water and eventually their mouth structure had a larger shape with time; then he stated some of these bears turned out to be whales and he saw no difficulty in realising this. 

Despite the contradictory nature of Darwin’s theory, it was widely adopted since it brought a sort of explanation to fill in the big gap of naturalism and secular order in its broader sense. A group of scientists voluntarily took upon themselves to be the promoters of the theory. The most well-known among them was Thomas Huxley, who was called with the nickname of “the bulldog of Darwin”. Thomas Huxley, whose ardent advocacy of Darwinism was the single factor most responsible for its rapid acceptance, attracted the attention of the whole world to evolution by the famous “Oxford discussion” he had with Oxford bishop Samuel Wilberforce in 1860. 

It is not difficult to understand why Huxley devoted all his efforts to promote evolution when his “organisational links” are taken into account. Huxley was actually a member of Royal Society, one of the most important scientific institutions of England, and was also a senior Mason just like all the other members of Royal Society.  Other members of the Royal Society advanced explicitly and in detail the alternative theory of natural selection foreshadowed by Erasmus Darwin. (provided a considerable support to Darwin both before and after the publication of his book.)  This freemasonic institution attached so much importance to Darwin and Darwinism that, some time later, just like Nobel prizes they began to award successful scientists with “Darwin medal” every year. 

In other words, Darwin was not alone to carry out his mission. Freemasonry, one of the most important headquarters of the war waged against religion, provided its full support to the theory from the day it was put forth. The theory of evolution, despite the lack of conviction it created among a lot people when it was first asserted, gained immense popularity in a few decades by the ideological support it received. 

Due to, again, this ideological support, advanced biological studies disproving Darwinism, did not affect Darwin’s followers. Furthermore, the science of biology together with geology was developed in a way to back up Darwinism. Darwin made a strong assertion at that time and claimed that the earth was around 300 million years old since the evolution process he planned in his mind took longer time than the actual age of world. Right at this point, the purpose of geology turned out to “prove that the earth is as old as the evolution foresaw “ rather than to “find out the actual age of the earth”. 

Confirmation of naturalism, even by deceptive methods, was quite important due to its socio-political consequences. The new Secular Order adopted the individualistic and social model it generated to the nature and explained nature by these means. Based on these models, their aim was to claim that their order was also nature’s order and wholly reflected its features. 

This was one of the triumphs Darwin had in the name of the New Secular Order. 

. . .

Slaughter for Evidence 

After publishing Darwin’s Origin of Species and Descent of Man, a big campaign was initiated to find out the fossils that would possibly be displayed as an evidence for the theory. Archaeologists started looking for the fossils of imaginary creatures called transitional forms. For decades, they digged different parts of the earth to prove their point with no success. Their disappointment eventually led them to the forgery of Piltdown man. In 1912, the English biologist Charles Darwin fitted an orangutan jaw to a human skull and exhibited it as a transitional form between human and ape. It became evident only after 37 years that the Piltdown man which was exhibited in British Museum as the biggest evidence for evolution, was solely a forgery. Yet, more sophisticated forgery methods were being developed by evolutionists. 

In the meantime, some evolutionists held strongly the idea that there existed some “living fossils”. According to the belief, if mankind had ape-like ancestors, there should still, in some part of the world, be some semi-human beings who still have not completed the evolution process. Towards the end of the 1800s, the victims were found. The native inhabitants of Tanzania, called Aborigines were designated as “living evidences of evolution”. 

The different orbit structure and the relatively heavy lower jaw of Aborigines were the main reasons of why these human beings were defined as transitional forms. Evolutionist archaeologists and many “fossil-hunters” who joined them, set out to dig the graves of Aborigines and take the skulls to western evolutionist museums. Soon, the skulls were distributed to each one of the institutions, schools in the West as the confirmation of evolution. 

The fossil-hunters did not hesitate to become “skull-hunters” when the number of graves were not enough to meet their needs. Since Aborigines served as transitional forms, they had to be regarded as animals rather than human beings. For the sake of the development of science, the lives of Aborigines could be sacrificed just as guinea pigs! 

“Skull-hunters” killed Aborigines and legitimized this act asserting that they were doing it for science. The skulls of the hunted natives were sold to museums after some chemical reactions that would make them look old. The skulls with bullet holes were filled in with utmost attention. According to Creation Magazine published in Australia, a group of observers that came in from South Galler were shocked when they saw that dozens of women, children and men were killed by evolutionists. Forty five skulls were chosen among the killed Aborigines, the flesh of them were set aside and boiled. The best ten were packaged to be sent to England. 

Today, thousands of skulls of Aborigines are still in the warehouse of Smithsonian Institution. Some of these skulls belong to the corpses digged from the graves where else some others are the skulls of innocent people killed to prove evolution. 

There were also African victims of the evolutionist violence. The most famous one was the pigmy Ota Benga who was taken to the “world of the white men” to be displayed as a transitional form. Oto Benga was caught in 1904 by a researcher Samuel Verner in Kongo then a colony of Belgium. The native whose name meant “friend” in his native language, was married and had two kids. Yet he was chained, put into a cage and sent by a boat to the “evolutionist scientists” who within the same year displayed him in the St. Louis World Fair together with other monkey species as “the closest transitional form to humankind”. Two years later, he was taken to Branx Zoo in New York where he was, this time displayed as one of the “ancestors of human beings” together with a few chimpanzees, a gorilla called Dinah and an orangutan called Dohung. Dr. William T. Hornaday, the director of the zoo who was also a fanatical evolutionist delivered long speeches about how he was proud of having such a precious transitional form. The guests, on the other hand, treated Ota Benga as an ordinary animal.  Before and, Ota Benga could not bear the treatment he received and committed suicide. 

Since evolution was not an ordinary scientific theory or a hypothesis but an “ideology” that had to be certainly proved, its defenders committed or confirmed such massacres without the slightest hesitation. To verify the “lie”, even massacre seemed to be legitimate for them. 

That is because this “lie” was the basis of the world order set up by them and different ideologies attributed to the other. 

African Pygmy Ota Benga was specified to be the "primitive species as evidence to evolution theory of evolution" and he was placed in a cage with monkeys for display. Actually he was only one of the thousands of pygmies slaughtered by evolutionists.

SOURCE: http://www.harunyahya.com/evolution_introduction.php (Note: I do not endorse the Muslim religion, but the information published here is very truthful concerning the evils of evolution. —David J. Stewart)

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